New PIB proposes single regulator for midstream, downstream oil sector

The Federal Government plans to set up Nigerian Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Regulatory Authority to regulate operators in the midstream and downstream oil industry, under the new Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB).

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the new PIB is currently before the National Assembly for consideration.

NAN reports that the Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) and the Petroleum Equalisation Fund (PEF) are currently the regulators of the downstream oil and gas sector.

The Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR) also regulates the activities in the upstream and the downstream sector.

The Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva had on September 3, announced that PEF and PPPRA would be merged to form a new regulatory body called the “Authority”.

This, he said, would help to harmonise activities in the downstream for efficiency in service delivery to Nigerians.

According to the copy of the new bill obtained by NAN, the Authority will have the power to acquire, hold and dispose of property, sue and be sued on its own name.

“The Authority shall be responsible for the technical and commercial regulation of the midstream and the downstream petroleum operations in the petroleum industry,” it said.

It said that the Authority would focus on regulating the midstream and downstream technical, operational and commercial activities. 

The bill indicated that the agency would also ensure safe, effective and sustainable infrastructure development in the midstream and downstream petroleum operations.

“It will also promote health safe, efficient and effective conduct of midstream and downstream petroleum operation in an environmentally acceptable and suitable manner.

“Also, it will promote a competitive market for the midstream and downstream petroleum operations and promote the supply and distribution of natural gas and petroleum products in the midstream and downstream,” it said.

The bill also noted that the Authority would ensure as its objectives the security of natural gas supply for the domestic gas market.

It further noted that the regulator would ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations governing midstream and downstream operations, among others.

The new bill listed the functions of the regulator to include regulating petroleum liquids operations, domestic natural gas operations and export natural gas operations.

It added that the Authority would also determine appropriate tariff methodology for processing of natural gas, transportation and transmitting of natural gas, transportation of crude oil and bulk storage of crude oil and natural gas.

“The Authority will be setting cost benchmark for midstream and downstream petroleum operations, provide pricing tariffs framework for natural gas and fair market value of the applicable Petroleum products.

“Advise the government, its agencies and other stakeholders on the commercial market relating to tariff and pricing frameworks.

“Grant, issues, modify, extend, renew, review, cancel, reissue or terminate licenses, permits and authorisation for midstream and downstream petroleum operations among many others,” it said.

On membership of the governing board, it said that appointments shall be made by the President and be subjected to confirmation by the senate, except for the appointment of ex-officio members.

It noted that the board would consist of one Non-Executive Chairman, two Non-Executive members, Chief Executive of the Authority, two other Executive Directors responsible for Finance and Account, and Transportation and Distribution Infrastructure.

It added that the board would have one representative of the commission not below the rank of Executive Commissioner, one representative of the ministry not below the rank of a Director and a representative of the Ministry of Finance not below the rank of Director.

The new bill noted that with the Authority, the sector would be properly regulated for effective and efficient service delivery.

NAN reports that the Senate had on October 20 passed the new PIB for second reading and constituted a committee that would work on the bill for further deliberation.

The committee was given eight weeks to carry out its duties.

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